Skin Type And How To Keep It Healthy

26 Jul, 2021


The largest organ of the body, the skin, has many functions. It reflects the age and health of the body. Skin act as a barrier and a first-line difference between our body and the external environment. Skin provides protection against pollution, bacteria, viruses and chemical substances.

The skin creates an alert of the danger and recognizes the sensations of pain. Regulation of temperature and controls the fluid balance of the body are also the functions of the skin. Skin maintains moisture loss and also protect from harmful ultraviolet rays.

Several factors influence the quality of skin. These are genetics, ageing, hormone and the presence of some medical conditions like diabetes. Lack of sleep, stress, dehydration, unhealthy diet, smoking and inactivity of the body also impact your skin.

Why It Is Necessary To Know Your Skin Type?

Skin works as a mirror to the health of your body. It shows the glow of the pregnancy. Similarly, it can reflect the acne breakdown at the time of puberty. Different skin types require different skincare routine to keep the skin healthy and fresh.

Many skincare products presently available in the market. However, not all of them is going to suits your skin. Using the wrong products can adversely affect your skin. To create a perfect skin regime, you need to know the type of your skin so that you can offer the correct care to your skin by choosing appropriate products.

What Are Various Skin Types?

Your skin type can change over time. Younger people are more likely to have normal skin than older ones. The type of skin depends on several things such as the amount of water content and the amount of oil in the skin. There are four different skin types:


  • The type of skin is not too dry or not too oily.
  • Has no or few imperfections.
  • Has even tone or radiant complexion
  • Small pores that are barely visible.


  • You may have nearly invisible pores.
  • Red and rough patches.
  • Dull complexion.
  • The skin has less elasticity.


  • You may have blackheads or pimples.
  • Pores are large.
  • Complexion may be dull or shiny.


  • Open and large pores.
  • It can have the characteristic of oily or dry skin.
  • You may have blackheads.

What Are The Methods To Take Care Of Skin According To Skin Types?

Dry skin type: Dry skin type needs a lot of care to protect the skin. It needs-

  • A gentle cleanser that you can use at night.
  • You can apply retinol product for anti-ageing.
  • You can use the product with hyaluronic acid underneath a moisturizer.
  • The moisturizer contains phospholipids, cholesterol and essential fatty acids that are beneficial for dry skin.

Oily skin type: To maintain the oily type of skin you should choose the products that manage oil.

  • Wash your oily skin with a gentle cleanser morning and evening.
  • Use alcohol-free salicylic acid product two or three times a week.
  • Retinol products are also used for oily skin and a great choice for anti-ageing with oily skin.
  • Apply a moisturizer with SPF 30.

Combination skin type: People with combination skin have to balance their skincare routine between dry and oily skin.

  • Stick to mild and gentle cleansers.
  • Apply salicylic acid products on oily areas of your face.
  • Use an oil-free moisturizer with SPF 30.

If you do not have time to follow an intense skincare routine or you may have a normal skin type, you can still pamper your skin. You have to follow some basics to care of your skin.

  • You can protect your skin from the sun by applying sunscreen.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Limit your bath time and prefer warm water to hot.
  • You can choose mild cleansers and avoid strong soaps.
  • Apply a moisturizer that contains SPF.
  • Take a healthy diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables and proteins.
  • Manage stress by getting enough stress and enjoying little things that make you happy.
  • You should avoid applying makeup before going to bed.


Take a little time to develop your skincare routine. Try to understand your skin type and choose the appropriate products. Try to get your beauty sleep of at least 7 hours. Sleep promotes regeneration of skin, muscle and blood and brain cells. Ask your dermatologist to guide you about the products you are using and their effects on your skin. Little care and time can make you achieve a healthy glow.


Categories: Skin


Tags: dermatologist