02 Jan, 2018
Is a skin ailment that is characterised by red plaques covered with white scales on the skin of knees, elbows, scalp, palms, soles of the feet and torso or any other part of the body. This skin condition is caused by an overactive immune system. The lesions caused by the ailment may be itchy and painful and may sometimes crack and bleed. They may also merge into one another to cause rapid spread of the disease to new areas of the skin. Plaque psoriasis is the most common form of psoriasis. People with obesity, diabetes and heart ailments are more prone to psoriasis.
Psoriasis is not contagious but it aggravates in winter months in many people. Sometimes it gets clear by itself for years to again come back and afflict the patient. Psoriasis is diagnosed by physical examination of skin, medical history of the patient and his family history. Lab tests like microscopic examination of tissue obtained from skin biopsy may be done.
Psoriasis is not contagious although it has propensity to appear in family members with history of disease. Dermatologist in Vasundhara specialise in diagnosis and treatment of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Rheumatologist also provide their knowhow in diagnosis and treatment of psoriatic arthritis. When the disease is mild and cover lesser amount of body surface, topical creams and lotions may be prescribed by the doctors. Sometimes direct injections of steroids into a tough psoriatic plaque is used. Ultra violet light treatment may be used in severe cases. Internal medication may be helpful in such cases and may prevent aggravation and joint destruction risk.
Dermatologists have to decide the type of medication best suited to a patient. The risk factor is to be weighed with potential gains of medication for every individual patient and every type of psoriasis.
Plaque psoriasis: is the most common form of psoriasis and is occasioned by red skin lesions covered with silvery scales. These may be itchy and painful and can occur anywhere in your body.
Nail psoriasis: effects finger nails causing abnormal nail growth and dislocation and crumbling of nails.
Guttate psoriasis: Effects younger patients and children and is found mostly around arms, legs and scalp.
Inverse psoriasis: is triggered by fungal infection. It mainly effects the area of armpits, groin, breast and around genitals.
Pustular psoriasis: It is an uncommon form of psoriasis that occasions with pus filled blisters appearing on the skin. It also causes fever, chills and severe itching.
Psoriatic arthritis: This type of psoriasis causes swollen joints that are typical of arthritis. It can cause stiffness of joints and progressive joint damage in severe cases.
There is no cure of psoriasis bit its symptoms can be managed. There are many psoriasis treatment options. The right by medications. Life style options such as moisturising, quitting smoking, controlling obesity and managing stress may help. Skin specialists in Vasundhara may determine the right treatment considering the severity of psoriasis, individual medical history and extent of body area effected. Milder form of psoriasis can be treated by topical creams and lotions, shampoos, foams and oils. Ultra violet light treatment or systemic treatment with pills or injections is used in moderate to severe cases. Internal medication usually has greater risks and side effects but there is no choice other than to use internal medication in severe cases where psoriasis is rapidly spreading and threatening joint destruction.
Some factors increase the risk of developing psoriasis. These are family history of parents having psoriasis, viral and bacterial infection, obesity and smoking. So, controlling some of these will have a positive effect.